lower leg pain

Reasons for Lower Leg Pain

Lower leg pain is the most common health issue among people across the world. Sometimes, if there is no apparent reason like injury or cramp, finding out the reasons for lower leg pain can be complicated. For diagnosis, a thorough physical examination by a medical doctor and imaging test is required. Some of the most common lower leg pain conditions and their causes are discussed below, followed by insights on how we aim to help the world deal with day to day pains better. 

Muscle Tension 

An overstretched muscle can lead to tearing, which can result in muscle tension. A muscle strain may occur due to sudden shock, such as a fall or setback to the muscle. Misuse or injury to the leg can also be a source of muscle tension. More precisely, an abrupt shift in direction during sports activity can cause tension in lateral leg muscles in Richardson

Shin Splints 

Shin Splints are also regarded as tibial stress syndrome. In this condition, the patient suffers swelling, redness, and pain in muscles, ligaments, and other tissues surrounding the shin bone or tibia. 

Shin splints are a common leg muscle injury caused due to exercise posture. Runners and sportspeople are the most common victims of shin splints. Besides, shin splints can be worsened due to certain food conditions that include overpronation or high-arched feet. Inappropriate or worn-out footgear can raise the chances of developing shin splints. 

Tendonitis 

Tendonitis is a typical sport overdoing injury but can develop in anyone, irrespective of their activity levels. Sufferers experience inflammation and swelling around the tendon (a solid, cord-like structure that joins a muscle to the bone). Some of the most prevalent tendonitis types include Achilles’ tendonitis and posterior tibial tendonitis. These are some very common lower leg pain conditions. 

Tendonitis calls for immediate medical help. It is usually caused due to sudden trauma like a fall or an unfamiliar rise in physical activity concentration or frequency. This leads to minute tears in the fibers that form a tendon. This condition causes swelling and irritation. 

Some other factors that contribute to tendonitis development are irregularities in foot structure like flat feet or high arches, stiff calf muscle, the difference in leg length, use of inappropriate or worn-out shoes, and winter training. 

Muscle Cramps 

A person experiences muscle cramps when a muscle is contracted due to a lack of control. The calf muscle is the most common region where a cramp is likely to occur. This condition is also known as “charley horse.” 

Muscle cramps that occur in the leg can last from a few seconds to several minutes. But muscle pain may remain for several days. The source of leg muscle cramps is not evident. However, according to experts, tight and exhausted muscles can cause deviations in the progressions that control muscle contraction. Some other factors that may lead to muscle cramps include dehydration, electrolyte exhaustion, and working out in scorching weather. A few medical conditions like diabetes, thyroid disorder, liver condition, fibromyalgia, nerve or blood vessel syndrome. Leg cramps are a common condition in pregnancy. People who consume cholesterol depressing medicines may also experience muscle cramps. 

Stress Rupture 

A stress rupture is a tiny disruption in the bone that usually occurs in the leg. Patients usually experience sharp pain when they perform any activity, and it vanishes after resting.

Stress ruptures are usually caused due to injuries caused due to muscle overuse. As a result, the muscles around the bone become so exhausted that they transmit the stress to the bone. This transfer of stress causes a minute crack in the bone. 

Sports activities like jumping, running, gymnastics, basketball, and tennis are the major cause of leg stress ruptures. 

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) 

A serious and possibly deadly cause of leg pain is known as Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT). This is caused due to a clot in the leg vein that can separate and move to the lungs. The symptoms of DVT are similar to other leg conditions that include swelling, inflammation, and pain. 

DVT may be caused due to damage to the vein wall may be due to trauma, surgery, or a primary health condition (like cancer or pregnancy). Blood clotting is more likely in such conditions. Immovability, long hospitalization and overweight can damage venous and hinder regular blood flow, increasing the risk of developing Deep Vein Thrombosis. 

Chronic Venous Failure 

Sometimes heart valves fail to function properly, causing the blood to flow back into the veins and accumulate in the legs. With time, this can lead to a serious condition – Chronic Venous Failure characterized by high venous pressure. 

A health issue that intensifies the vein pressure to damage valves and impairs blood flow can lead to Chronic Venous Failure. Some major causes include prolonged standing, overweight, or pregnancy. 

Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) 

Peripheral Artery Disease is developed due to the contraction of leg arteries. Cool and pale limbs that are highly sensitive, unhealed injuries, toenail variations, glossy skin, hair loss in the affected area are PAD symptoms. 

Smoking, high cholesterol levels, diabetes, high blood pressure, old age, and an inactive lifestyle may increase the risk of PAD. 

Sciatica Pain 

Sciatica pain occurs when any nerve(s) traveling from the lower spine to your leg is crushed or irritated. Herniated spinal disc or annoyance from a stressed muscle can cause Sciatica condition. Sometimes an infection or tumor may also cause sciatica pain. 

Premier Pain Centers 

If you experience pain or problem in the right lower extremity in Richardsonthen you must look for a professional’s advice.  Premier Pain Center is a leading healthcare unit in the USA that aspires to provide medical help to patients suffering from chronic muscle pain. We aim to make lives better for individuals by providing them comfort and peace of mind. Our one-stop medical care center features highly qualified, trained, and certified physicians that can effectively deal with chronic pain conditions. We provide professional medical administration, interventional pain processes, physical treatment, and workouts. 

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