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Identify Your Specific Location Of Pain By Using Foot Pain Chart

A foot pain chart is a great tool to help you work out what is causing your ankle and foot pain. Some studies suggest that nearly 1 in 4 people have frequent foot pain in midlife. The foot comprises many bones, ligaments, and tendons, so there are countless diagnoses of foot pain. 

Effective foot pain management involves getting the right diagnosis and starting the correct treatment early. One of the simplest ways to get the correct pain diagnosis is to start thinking about where the precise pain location is. So, a foot pain diagnosis chart might help work out the cause of your pain. The location of pain in the foot can sometimes indicate the underlying cause. The cause will determine whether medical treatment is necessary.

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Foot pain chart is as described below.

1- Front Foot Pain 

Foot pain chart shows common problems that cause pain on top of the foot at the front.

  • Morton’s Neuroma

Morton's neuroma is a painful condition affecting the ball of the foot. Interdigital nerves between the toes become painful and swollen, leading to numbness and pain in the forefoot.Wear ill-fitting shoes that are too tight in the toe box can compress the web space and pinch the neuroma leading to pain and swelling. Wearing high heels can lead to excess weight-bearing and pressure on the forefoot.

  • Hammer Toe

A Hammer toe results in a change of position of the PIP joint of the toe; this most commonly occurs in the second toe, especially in those that are longer than the big toe, but it can occur in the 3-5th toes. 

  • Bunion (Hallux Valgus)

Bunion or Hallux Limitus refers to a change in the angulation of the joint of the big toe, causing the big toe to deviate away from the midline and towards the 2nd-5th toes.Patients describe bunion symptoms as a burning hot sensation at the base of the big toe. Walking, running, and tip-toe walking can worsen the symptoms of a bunion, as can wearing ill-fitting footwear or high heels.

  • Mallet Toe

The symptomsof Mallet Toe include the formation of a callus or corn on the tip of the affected toe that can become painful when more significant pressure is applied to it. Tight-fitting shoes, high heels and repetitive use from walking or running can aggravate the symptoms of Mallet Toe. 

  • Sinus Tarsi Syndrome

Inflammation and instability causing pain deep inside the joint that gets worse with activity, especially ankle twisting, and better with rest. Sinus Tarsi Syndrome is often the cause of ongoing foot pain following an ankle sprain.   


  • Extensor Tendonitis

Extensor tendonitis is caused by Inflammation and irritation of the tendons across the top of the foot and is the most common cause of top of foot pain. Pain when resisting toe extension (lifting the toes up) indicates tendonitis. 

  • Mid Foot Pain

The midfoot connects the heel with the front of the foot. It consists of several small midfoot bones with multiple joints connecting the bones. It generally supports the foot and provides shock absorption for the foot arch.

  • Accessory Navicular 

The symptoms of accessory navicular syndrome are pain along the medial arch of the foot.The causes of Accessory Navicular syndrome include having a flat foot, which places extra strain on the foot’s medial arch. Tight or ill-fitting footwear can lead to excess friction on the Os Naviculare, causing pain.

  • Kohler’s Disease

Kohler’s Disease is a condition that affects the Navicular Bone, which is located on the medial arch of the foot. Patients often report pain in the inner aspect of their foot, they may limp when walking, and there is often visible swelling on the foot

  • Midfoot Arthritis

Midfoot Arthritis include pain in the Midfoot which is worse in the morning and with activity. Trauma to the foot, such as Midfoot sprains and a fall, can accelerate the speed of onset of Midfoot arthritis.


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2- Heel Pain

The pain in the heel of the foot and ankle is a common complaint. The pain may be eased with rest, orthotics, and stretching over time. You may develop chronic problems if you ignore and do not treat heel pain. Surgical intervention is rarely necessary in the case of heel pain.

  • Calcaneal Stress Fracture

Calcaneal stress fracture: a cause of runner’s heel pain.

Heel pain is common in runners. While plantar fasciitis is the most frequent cause of heel pain in runners, a calcaneal stress fracture can also occur. 

  • Heel Bursitis 

Posterior heel pain is a common condition affecting the general population. When doctors talk about posterior heel pain, they mean pain at the back rather than under the heel. There are different causes of pain at the back of the heel, including heel bursitis, Haglund’s deformity, Achilles tendon bursitis and tendonitis, plantaris tendon, and calcaneal (bone spur).

  • Baxter’s Nerve Entrapment 

Plantar fasciitis or heel spurs are the most common cause of chronic heel pain.However, not all cases of heel pain are due to plantar fasciitis. Other causes of heel pain include stress fracture, joint inflammation, and nerve trapping. Baxter's nerve entrapment causes upto 20% of cases of chronic heel pain. But it is a frequently overlooked cause of heel pain andnumbness.

  • OS Trigonum

Os Trigonum is a small extra bone that sits at the back of the ankle joint. This extra bone is present in 5-15% of the general population. Occasionally, an Os Trigonumcan cause ankle pain during sport, also known as posterior ankle impingement.

  • Subtalar Joint Pain

The subtalar joint is often forgotten when people present with ankle pain. However, it is often the site of breaks, sprains, and early arthritis causing pain in the ankle and foot. Overall, treatment is complex and may involve an ultrasound-guided subtalar joint injection.

3- Bottom Of Foot Pain

This foot pain chart looks at the common causes of pain under the foot and at the back of the heel.

  • Heel Spurs

A bone spur here is called an inferior calcaneal bone spur and is usually linked with a tight plantar fascia. Causes a sharp pain under the foot that is worse with initial movement then eases to a dull ache.   

  • Plantar Fasciitis

Tightness and repetitive strain can lead to inflammation and tearing of the plantar fascia. Foot pain stems from the heel and radiates under the foot. Worse when you first start to walk, standing on tiptoes and walking up stairs.   

  • Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

With tarsal tunnel syndrome, a nerve gets squashed underneath the inner ankle causing shooting or burning heel and foot arch pain, tingling and numbness.

  •  Gout Foot

Build-up of uric acid crystals in the big toe joint causes very intense toe pain, swelling and redness. Gout symptoms typically develop suddenly at night and last for a few weeks.   

  •  Turf Toe

Turf Toe is a sprain of the big toe caused by the toe bending back too far. It results in pain and swelling in the big toe. Common injury in sports people playing on artificial turf.

Types of Foot Pain
How Is Heel Pain Diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider will assess your symptoms and perform a physical exam. You may also get X-rays to check for arthritis, bone fractures, bone alignment and joint damage. Rarely, you may need an MRI or ultrasound. These can show soft tissue problems which X-rays don’t reveal.

When To Speak With A Doctor

Unless the pain is intense, or a person has a high risk of conditions such as heart failure, swelling in the feet is not usually an emergency. 

However, a person should contact a pain managementdoctor right away if: 

  • one foot swells, and there is calf pain 

  • the feet swell suddenly and dramatically 

  • a person feels short of breath and has swelling or pain

You should contact Premier Pain Management if you are experiencing these symptoms.

  • it does not get better with home treatment

  • it gets worse following surgery

  • there is a family history of arthritis

What Else Can Help?

Understanding what is causing your foot pain is the first step to treating it. Each foot pain chart there is a useful visual tool for diagnosing what is wrong in your foot or ankle. 

Once you have identified the cause of your problem from these foot pain diagrams, you can find out loads more about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment options for each by using the links above.

Under Dr Ali pain management, our foot specialists specialize in alleviating discomfort and pain caused by foot problems. We encourage you to consult with a member of our team, such as Dr Z, if you require additional information.

Dr. Rao K. Ali M.D.

Dr. Rao Ali, a board-certified pain management physician, leads the clinic, which specializes in nonsurgical treatment. The physician has experience in the emergency room as well as training in pain management and rehabilitation. As a personal physician, he works with each patient to develop a treatment plan that will minimize or eliminate their pain. Providing expert diagnosis and treatment of a wide range of conditions, Pain Management In Dallas, PA provides a comprehensive range of services. These services include neck pain, back pain, hip and knee pain, fibromyalgia, neuropathy, complex regional pain syndrome, headaches, migraines, and many others.