Meniscus serves as a shock absorber, relieves stress on the knee, maintains lubrication, and provides nutrition for the joint. A meniscus cyst results from the rupture of the meniscus cartilage, usually due to a knee injury.Accumulation of synovial fluid in the damaged meniscus parenchyma causes meniscal cysts. Meniscal cysts are not life threatening; however, they can cause Inner Knee Pain and swelling as well as difficulties with knee movement.
Cysts are not harmful alone, but are secondary to tears in the meniscus. In addition to causing discomfort, cysts can suggest that the meniscus has been torn over the joint line, which may be noticeable. Lateral knee pain is more common among young adults who are more likely to suffer from this condition. A giant cyst must be removed in order to repair a torn meniscus.
Cysts of the meniscus are not always symptomatic. When they do, they may include:
Standing causes pain in the knees
An enlargement of the cyst site, usually on the outside of the knee.
This bump may be painless, but it becomes more visible as the knee straightens.
Changes in bump size (although it may also appear unchanged at first glance).
Symptoms include pain in the affected leg, particularly when standing, as well as tenderness along the knee joint.
The cyst site usually results in a firm bump on the knee's lateral (outside) aspect. As the knee is extended, the cyst may become more visible.
In some cases, a bump may not be painful. Non-specific findings may include knee swelling, joint locking, or ligament damage.
Joint pain and swelling.
Meniscal tears or knee capsule distension may cause the pain.
There are two types of meniscal cysts lancaster:
The meniscus is prone to cysts of this type. An inflammatory condition, degenerative changes, or trauma may be responsible for the formation of a parameniscal cyst.The diagnosis of parameniscal cysts is medical.
It is located beyond the margins of the meniscus. Parameniscal refers to the area adjacent to the meniscus. An injury to the meniscus may result in these cysts. As a result, synovial fluid leaks from the joint space and forms a pocket outside the joint space. In some cases, parameniscal cysts can cause pain, swelling, and stiffness, although they are usually asymptomatic. · Baker’s cyst is an example of one
In 90% of all cases, the cyst is located on the lateral side of the meniscus.
A lateral meniscal cyst is usually anterior (front).
The medial meniscus contains 10% of meniscal cysts:
Cysts in the medial meniscus are usually posterior.
There are a variety of factors that may contribute to the development of this disease, including:
A peripherally extended meniscal tear is the most common cause of meniscal cysts.
There is an accumulation of these cysts outside the joint capsule.
Most commonly, they develop along the lateral joint margin of males aged 20 to 40.
Direct palpation over a tender medial or lateral joint line typically confirms diagnosis. An MRI confirms the diagnosis, revealing both the cyst and the meniscus tear.Knee pain Location charthelps a lot in dealing with such types of cases.
For the treatment of small parameniscal and parameniscal cysts,according to Doctor For Knee PainRest, NSAIDS, rehabilitation are the first line of treatment. Study objectives include observing the patient's response to medical treatment. Patients with degenerative tears may benefit from this treatment.
Baker's cysts that are isolated can be successfully treated with t Aspiration and steroid injection technique. The outcome of older patients with degenerative meniscal tears and cysts is poor.
Ultrasound guided injection into the cyst
Inflammatory cysts of the meninges associated with a non-repairable tear (e.g., complex, degenerative, radial tears) can be treated with operative Meniscus disc resection, cyst decompression, and arthroscopic debridement.Recurrence may result from incomplete meniscal resection.
Complete decompression of the cyst
Surgically remove a portion of the meniscus
Cyst excision using an open posterior approach is effective for cysts associated with parameniscal symptoms. There is a possibility of recurrence if the resection is incomplete.
In the knee, a meniscus cyst occurs when cartilage of the meniscus tears. The condition may result from an injury or meniscus degeneration. Cysts on the meniscus do not always cause symptoms. In such cases, the knee may become painful, have a bump on it, and swell or lock in place. There are methods to drain cysts contained within the meniscus, but they frequently recur after draining. Surgical treatment of the tear itself is the only method of permanently treating and preventing cysts from recurring.
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