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Swollen Knee: Possible Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

We refer to the accumulation of fluid around the knee as swelling. The knee connects the tibia, patella, and femur. Knees have nerves, tendons, muscles, and cartilage. Any knee injury or inflammation might cause edema. Injuries or tissue diseases can cause a swollen knee

Symptoms of Knee Swelling

Fluid surrounding the knee causes swollen knees and pain. A swelling knee may cause other symptoms:

  • Knee discomfort

  • Tenseness

  • Discoloration/red

Visit a knee pain specialist in Dallas for treatment of the following traumas or sports injuries. 

Knee-Swelling Treatments

Treatment will depend on what causes your swollen knee and how painful it is. Your doctor will offer the best treatment after diagnosing the cause. Painkillers are usually prescribed. Ice and elevation can minimize knee swelling. Joint aspiration can alleviate knee pain and stiffness.

Other treatments:

  • Knee arthroscopy

  • A knee replacement 

  • Injections of steroids

Knee Replacement Surgery 

Knee arthroplasty, or complete knee replacement, is the surgical resurfacing of an arthritis-damaged knee. Arthritis damage may recommend this surgery. The procedure for knee replacement necessitates hospitalization. A knee pain location chart can help the doctor diagnose the problem. Treatments depend on your situation and doctor. Sleeping under general anesthesia is typical during knee replacement surgery. 

Knee replacement surgery usually goes like this:

  • Remove your clothes and wear a gown.

  • You can start an IV line in your arm or hand.

  • Position yourself on the surgery table. 

  • Insert a urinary catheter.

  • An antiseptic solution will clean the surgical skin.

  • Doctors make knee incisions. 

  • The doctor will remove damaged knee surfaces and resurface them with a prosthetic. Most artificial knee prostheses are cemented. Nowadays, uncemented prosthesis are rare. 

  • A device is held in place on the bone with surgical cement. Uncemented prosthesis have a porous surface that lets bone grow and connect to it. Sometimes, doctors use both types to alter a knee.

Knee Arthroscopy

Knee surgery fixes knee issues. Pain management in Dallas involves inserting arthroscopes into knees with tiny cuts. This screen shows the joints inside. Surgeons can diagnose and treat knee issues with tiny arthroscopes.


Prior to knee arthroscopy, your doctor will numb you. This could be:

  • local (just knee-numb)

  • regional (waist-down numbing)

  • general (total slumber)

A monitor may let you observe the surgery if you're awake. The surgeon will start with a couple knee incisions. Pumping sterile salt water (saline) expands your weak knees. This helps the surgeon see within the joint. The arthroscope is cut, and the surgeon uses the camera to examine your joint. The operating room monitor displays images of swollen knees for the surgeon.

Can a Swollen Knee be Dangerous?

After diagnosing your knee, the surgeon may inject small instruments into the incisions to fix it.The surgeon takes the saline from your joint and stitches up your wounds after surgery. If you have a swollen knee, you might worry about your health and not know how to treat them. Always seek medical help from pain physicians in Dallas when recognizing physical irregularities, including a swelling knee. You may not know the origins, effects, or how to lessen swelling. Swollen knees are harmful, so get medical treatment if you have one.

What Causes Swollen Legs From the Knee Down? 

Fluid retention and inflammation typically cause leg edema. Peripheral edema is the primary cause of leg swelling. Congestive heart failure causes leg swelling and peripheral edema. Patients with advanced heart failure suffer from pulmonary congestion and peripheral edema. Pulmonary hypertension affects the lung arteries. Some people with pulmonary hypertension had swollen legs on both sides. Obesity causes swollen knees more often. Ankle edema is particularly noticeable.

Kidney disease may cause fluid accumulation in the legs. Failure to eliminate salt and water from the kidneys can cause peripheral edema. Critical patients often have acute renal damage and peripheral edema. Spreading lymph into the arms and legs can cause tissue edema. Lymphedema can be caused by cancer, lymphatic system issues, or treatment. Research demonstrates that standing causes lymphedema and leg swelling. Inflammatory diseases may cause leg swelling below the knee.

Muscle strains can result from blunting or leg damage. Leg injuries and inflammation cause swelling and pain on inside of knee. Calf strains can lead to leg edema. Bee stings can induce leg edema. It can swell your leg. Foot and leg swelling, along with ankle arthritis, To avoid future problems, a person should determine the cause and address the symptoms of water on the knee, whether they're moderately unpleasant or painful. Long-term swollen knees can harm joint tissue, cartilage, and bone; hence, therapy is advised.

Why Does My Knee Feel Tight and Swollen? 

Following are the common causes of swollen knee (water on the knee): Excess fluid in the knee joint causes swelling. If you hurt your knee's bones, ligaments, tendons, bursae, meniscus, or articular cartilage, it can hurt and grow. Blood may rush to the knee after a severe injury, causing edema, warmth, stiffness, and bruising. Hemarthrosis requires immediate treatment. Sometimes, you can also experience worse knee pain after a gel injection. Seek medical assistance if your knee pain is severe, your leg is unable to bear weight, or you suspect a shattered bone. Gout is also the reason for swollen knees and tightness. Gout is a painful joint buildup of small uric acid crystals. While sleeping, this swelling typically occurs. Rapid, severe pain, redness, and warmth are typical. Besides the big toe, gout often affects the knee, heel, ankle, and foot instep. Gout usually affects one joint. 


Treatment options for a swollen knee include over-the-counter painkillers, physical therapy, steroid injections, and surgery. Preventing knee swelling entails maintaining a healthy weight, exercising frequently to strengthen knee muscles, using the right techniques during physical activity, and wearing supportive footwear. To manage knee swelling and avoid complications, follow knee pain doctor in Dallas advice and monitor often. Early treatment and management can improve symptoms, recovery, and quality of life.

Dr. Rao K. Ali M.D.

Dr. Rao Ali, a board-certified pain management physician, leads the clinic, which specializes in nonsurgical treatment. The physician has experience in the emergency room as well as training in pain management and rehabilitation. As a personal physician, he works with each patient to develop a treatment plan that will minimize or eliminate their pain. Providing expert diagnosis and treatment of a wide range of conditions, Pain Management In Dallas, PA provides a comprehensive range of services. These services include neck pain, back pain, hip and knee pain, fibromyalgia, neuropathy, complex regional pain syndrome, headaches, migraines, and many others.